Cultural Heritage Mitchell River National Park


Cultural Heritage

Mitchell River National Park

Mitchell River National Park is one of the jointly managed parks within Gippsland. The Joint Management agreement recognises the fact that the Gunaikurnai people hold Aboriginal Title and maintain a strong connection to Country. As custodians of the land, they are the rightful people who speak for their Country. These parks and reserves are cultural landscapes that continue to be part of Gunaikurnai living culture. For more information on Joint Management, please visit the Gunaikurnai Traditional Owner Land Management Board and the Gunaikurnai Land and Waters Aboriginal Corporation.

Mitchell River National Park has a rich cultural history that tells of tribal conflict, ceremonies, food gathering, community life and local spirits.

It is rocky country that has rugged gorges and 100 metre sheer drops. Some of these, such as The Bluff, provide 360 degree views that were good lookout points for our ancestors, used for safety and defence.

Mitchell River was a major stop-off point for our old people travelling from the high country to the lowlands. It was at one point going to be the site of the mission, but it was found to be too cold in winter so Lake Tyers was chosen instead. There are important places throughout this park – Angusvale was a good source of food, medicine and materials, and Billy Goat Bend had reliable water. Deadcock Den is important to Gunaikurnai men. There are caves throughout the area that were shelter places and burial grounds where ancestral remains have been found.

The Den of Nargun

The Den of Nargun, a cave behind a waterfall of the Mitchell River, is a place of great cultural significance to the Gunaikurnai people, especially women.

Stories were told around campfires about how the Nargun – a large female creature who lived in the cave – would abduct children who wandered off on their own. The Nargun could not be harmed with boomerang or spears. These stories not only kept children close to camp, but also ensured people stayed away from the sacred cave.

The Den of Nargun is a special place for women and may have been used for women’s initiation and learning ceremonies.


Source: Mitchell River National Park - Brabralung Country - Gunaikurnai and Victorian Government Joint Management Plan


Preserving the past is important to better manage our cultural landscapes. Patrick Mullett is a proud Gunaikurnai man working on Country to manage Aboriginal cultural heritage. He assesses sites and provides advice under the Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006 on how to best protect cultural heritage.

Experience more Aboriginal Cultural Heritage in parks

Victoria's parks provide a range of guided and non-guided experiences that provide unique insights into Aboriginal cultural values and stories.

Lake Tyers at Lake Tyers State Park

Cultural Heritage Lake Tyers State Park

Bung Yarnda (Lake Tyers) was an important meeting place for Gunaikurnai groups throughout the area. Find out more about the rich Aboriginal Cultural Heritage of Lake Tyers.
A waterfall in the Tarra Bulga National Park

Cultural Heritage Tarra-Bulga National Park

Tarra-Bulga sits in a significant part of the Gunaikurnai cultural landscape - on their creation storyline, where Borun travelled carrying his canoe from the mountains to the sea. There is still much work to be done to fully understand the cultural values within the park, but the significant remnants of old growth forest are characteristic of a period when only Gunaikurnai were present on the land.

Raymond Island Gippsland Lakes Reserve

Gippsland Lakes Reserve, situated on Raymond Island on Tatungalung Country, is highly significant to Gunaikurnai Traditional Owners due to its remarkable Aboriginal cultural heritage. Just a short ferry ride from Paynesville, you can leave the car behind and explore the island by foot or bike, or bring your car with you for a small fee. Raymond Island is a haven for wildlife, especially well known for its large koala population.
A couple take a tour of Spermwhale Head with traditional owners from the Gurnaikurnai Land and Water Aboriginal Corporation.

Aboriginal heritage

Learn more about the culture, history and contemporary aspirations of the Aboriginal Traditional Owners of our land.
A pelican on the water at the Lakes National Park in Gippsland.

The Lakes National Park

The Lakes National Park is a peaceful bushland retreat in the Gippsland Lakes, fringed by the waters of Lake Victoria and Lake Reeve.
Two kayakers come across a group of pelicans on the Gippsland Lakes.

Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park

The tranquil Gippsland Lakes are a system of coastal lagoons separated from the Tasman Sea by the coastal dunes of the Ninety Mile Beach. Seven rivers terminate at the lakes – the Latrobe, Avon, Nicholson, Tambo, Mitchell, Macalister and Thomson rivers.
Mother and young daughter look at the rock formations in the Fairy Cave at Buchan Caves Reserve.

Buchan Caves Reserve

Near the township of Buchan, lies a honeycomb of caves full of spectacular limestone formations. The caves were formed by underground rivers cutting through limestone rock
An Indigenous guide discusses traditional artifacts with a couple on a walking tour in front of the lake at Tower Hill.

Tower Hill Visitor Centre

Visit the Tower Hill Visitor Centre, designed by celebrated Australian architect Robin Boyd.
A young couple walk through a cave in Budj Bim National Park

Budj Bim National Park

Budj Bim is a long dormant volcano. Budj Bim is the source of the Tyrendarra lava flow which extends over 50km to the southwest. It is central to the history of the Gunditjmara people.

How to get there

Cultural Heritage

Heading west out of Bairnsdale on Main Street/Princes Highway/A1, turn right onto Bairnsdale-Dargo Road/C601 and follow for about 42 kilometres. You can turn right at Wallers Road and follow that to the end to reach the Den of Nargun picnic area. Forr access to Billy Goat Bend camping area, either turn left off Wallers Road and head north along Park Road, or turn right off the Bairnsdale-Dargo Road/C601 onto Billy Goat Bend Road, and follow the signs to the camping area.
Angusvale campground is located at the end of Mitchell River Road, further north along the Bairnsdale-Dargo Road/C601. Turn right off the C601 and follow the track for 16 kilometres.
To access the eastern side of the park, turn right off the C601 onto Lindenow-Glenaladale Road. Cross the bridge over the Mitchell River and turn left to stay on Lindenow-Glenaladale Road. Turn right at Weir Road and stay on it until you are continuing along Wattle Creek Road and see entry signs to the park.
To visit the Old Weir day visitor site, turn left off Weir Road onto Milton Park Road. Please be aware that the end of this road down into the day visitor site is rated as a Double-Black Diamond 4WD track, and is suitable for experienced four-wheel-drivers only. Visitors can access the site on foot - park your vehicle at the top of the hill and walk approximately one kilometre to the site. Please take plenty of water.


BBQ - Electric/Gas

Need to know

Cultural Heritage

Change of Conditions

Nature being nature, sometimes conditions can change at short notice. It’s a good idea to check this page ahead of your visit for any updates.

  • Notices Affecting Multiple Sites

    Angusvale Track Closure - Rock Creek Camp area

    Due to recent storm events, the Angusvale Track past the Rock Creek Camp area has been subject to landslip. 

    This Landslip now prevents vehicles from accessing the Ford crossing through the Mitchell River between Angusvale Track and Hortons Track. Please do not attempt to cross the river from Hortons Track as there is no access to the West side of the park from this point.

    The Rock Creek Camp area is still currently accessible via Angusvale Track/Mitchell Views Track of the Mitchell River Road.

    Park Road Closure

    Due to recent storm events Park Road has been subject to damages making it unsafe for vehicles to travel between Wallers Road and Bull Creek Divide Track/Billy Goat Bend Track.

    All visitors wishing to visit Billy Goat Bend Camp area need to access along Billy Goat Bend Track via the Bairnsdale-Dargo Road until further notice.

    Mitchell Views Track Closure

    Due to a land slip, Mitchell Views Track will be closed to vehicles between the two day visitor sites that sit along the Mitchell River Walking Track. This section of road can still be used by hikers. The day visitor sites can still be reached with vehicles, but only via Billy Goat bend for the southern section, or Mitchell River Road for the northern section.

    Mitchell River Hiking Track - Storm damage and changing conditions

    Due to recent storm events, the Mitchell River Hiking Track from Angusvale Campground to the Den of Nargun Loop Walk has been subject to damages such as landslips and fallen trees.

    While crews work to assess and clear these damages, please take care when hiking the track due to the changing conditions. Some areas areas of the track are also subject to flooding.

    Anyone entering any Parks needs to take personal responsibility and be aware of forecast weather conditions and plan their trips accordingly.

  • Mitchell River National Park

    Mitchell River National Park visitor guide

    Download the Mitchell River National Park Visitor Guide for a map and more information about the park.

Things to do in the area


Walking in Mitchell River National Park

Mitchell River Walking Track is a perfect way to discover the Impressive river scenery, serene rainforest gullies and rugged landscapes of the park, and some shorter walks connect you to the parks Aboriginal culture and heritage.
The camping area at Angusvale in the Mitchell River National Park.

Camping at Mitchell River

Camp at Billy Goat Bend or Angusvale camping area, or along the Mitchell River Walking Track at one of the basic campsites.
Billy Goat Bend on the Mitchell River National Park.

Canoeing and rafting at Mitchell River

The Mitchell River offers short day trips or extended touring through the tranquil pools and turbulent rapids down to the Gippsland Lakes, with challenging Whitewater Grades III and IV rapids. July to December usually have the best flow, but please check river levels before you visit.
A Koala in a tree.

Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Paradise Beach

The campground is separated from the beach by a stretch of fenced vegetation. There is access to the beach from the Paradise Beach camping area. Use this access points to reduce damage to the sensitive coastal vegetation.
Mother and young daughter look at the rock formations in the Fairy Cave at Buchan Caves Reserve.

Buchan Caves Reserve

Near the township of Buchan, lies a honeycomb of caves full of spectacular limestone formations. The caves were formed by underground rivers cutting through limestone rock
A pelican on the water at the Lakes National Park in Gippsland.

The Lakes National Park

The Lakes National Park is a peaceful bushland retreat in the Gippsland Lakes, fringed by the waters of Lake Victoria and Lake Reeve.
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